1. Precedent – an act decisions that sets an example for others to follow.
2. State Department – Thomas Jefferson
Treasury Department – Alexander Hamilton
War Department – Henry Knox
Attorney General – Edmund Randolph
Postmaster General – Samuel Osgood
3. Judiciary Act – said that the Supreme Court should have a Chief Justice and 5 associate justices. It also set up a system of district courts and circuit courts. **John Jay – 1st Chief Justice**
4. - buy the government’s old bonds and issue new bonds
- He wanted the national government to pay off the state debts.
5. - He didn’t want speculators to be paid off in full for the bonds.
- Compromise – if the Southern States would agree with Hamilton’s plan that the National Government would pay off state’s debt, and then a new capital would be moved to the south.
* District of Columbia (new capital)
* Philadelphia (capital until new one was built)
6. Issue paper money, pay government bills, made loans to encourage new businesses
7. - Passed several taxes – the Tariff (tax on goods brought into the country)
- Tax on all liquor made and sold in the U.S. (result – Whiskey Rebellion – proved the U.S. government was strong).
8. At first, most Americans supported the French Revolution; they knew what it meant to fight for liberty.
9. Neutrality Proclamation – U.S. would not support either side in the war. Forbade Americans from taking any warlike actions against Britain or France.
10. Senate unhappy because Britain refused to make any promises about future attacks and the U.S. had to honor the Loyalists who lost property during the American Revolution.
11. Don’t worry about it
12. Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson
13. Complete Chart
14. Thomas Jefferson – Democratic Republicans
Alexander Hamilton - Federalists
15. Newspapers kept people informed
Newspapers helped to shape public opinion
16. John Adams (Federalist) became Pres., Thomas Jefferson (Republican) became V.Pres., Person with most electoral votes became Pres., next highest amount of votes became V.Pres. **cannot happen now – Amendment 12**
17. George Washington; Henry Lee
18. Tallyrand sent 3 agents to meet with the Americans. The 3 agents asked for a bribe of $250,000 for Tallyrand and $10 million to France. Known as the XYZ Affair.
19. Strengthened our Navy
20. - Alien Act – allowed Pres. To expel any foreigner who was thought to be dangerous to the country
- 14 years for a male immigrant to become a citizen and vote
- Sedition Act – said that citizens could be fined and jailed if they criticized public officials
21. nullify or cancel them
22. Jefferson – Pres. (Republicans)
Burr – Vice Pres.
Adams – Pres. (Federalist)
Pickney – Vice Pres.
23. Tie between Jefferson and Burr (73 votes each)
House of Representatives voted on the tie
Jefferson – Pres. and Burr – Vice Pres.
24. John Adams kept us out of war with France. He helped out in the early years.